It from bit

Otherwise put, every it — every particle, every field of force, even the space-time continuum itself — derives its function, its meaning, its very existence entirely — even if in some contexts indirectly — from the apparatus-elicited answers to yes-or-no questions, binary choices, bits. It from bit symbolizes the idea that every item of the physical world has at bottom — a very deep bottom, in most instances — an immaterial source and explanation; that which we call reality arises in the last analysis from the posing of yes-no questions and the registering of equipment-evoked responses; in short, that all things physical are information-theoretic in origin and that this is a participatory universe.
~ John Archibald Wheeler

The idea that physical reality is based on quantum information has been formulated before Wheeler by Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker in his ‘Ur-theorie’ (theory of archetypal objects).

Deutsch, D.. (2011). It from qubit. In J. D. Barrow, P. C. W. Davies, & C. L. J. Harper (Eds.), Science and Ultimate Reality (pp. 90–102). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Plain numerical DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511814990.008
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